What is Pyrolysis?
Pyrolysis is a commercially proven manufacturing process that converts carbonaceous materials such as coal into a synthesis gas (Pyrogas). This gas can then be used as fuel (e.g. for power generation) or further processed into liquid fuels. Pyrolysis is a method for extracting energy from organic material and is an efficient technology that can produce high value products from low-value feedstock such as many waste products.
What is Pyrogas?
Pyrogas is comprised of primarily hydrogen, methane, carbon dioxide, and carbon monoxide. Pyrogas can be combusted to produce electric power or used to produce a variety of other chemicals and fuels. The pyrogas produced by in-situ coal Pyrolysis produces a high-purity CO2 byproduct, which is efficiently removed from the pyrogas.
What are the Attributes of Pyrolysis?
- A clean, flexible, and reliable way of turning waste into clean energy.
- Pyrolysis is enabling the redefinition of “clean energy.
- Ability to convert low-value feedstock into high-value products.
- Provides a cost-effective way to capture CO2.
- Provides economic benefits with respect to investment and job creation.
- Pyrolysis can compete effectively in high-cost energy environments.
What are the Benefits?
- Pyrolysis for electricity production provides environmental and cost benefits compared to traditional combustion technologies, i.e. The Pyrogas is thoroughly scrubbed and cleaned before which reduces air pollutants to the atmosphere.
- Pyrolysis enables the use of low-value feedstocks to produce energy.
- CO2 can be cost-effectively captured from the Pyrolysis process.
What are the Environmental Benefits?
- Pyrolysis-based systems offer significant environmental advantages over competing technologies, particularly waste-to-electricity combustion systems.
- Reduced air emissions: Significant air emission reductions achieved through Pyrolysis with CO2 capture, at a reduced cost compared to other post-combustion capture alternatives
- Ability to sequester carbon dioxide (CO2): In a Pyrolysis system, CO2 can be cost-effectively captured and sequestered using commercially available technologies before it would otherwise be vented to the atmosphere.
- Ability to use Pyrolysis for clean power generation: Low- carbon content syngas can fuel combined cycle power generation, leading to air emissions levels much lower than those of conventional coal-fired power or even natural gas-fired combined cycle generation.
How is it Environmentally Friendly?
Biomass is organic matter- and Biomass energy development likes to take what is usually thrown away and turn it into energy. Our technology allows business and industry to operate “off the grid” using their own waste stream (pallets, boxes, paper), or materials from agriculture such as farming, milling and ranching. We use clean technology to take the stored energy from these materials and create heating, electricity, even cooling.
What are some issues with biomass pyrolysis?
To reduce costs, biomass should be located within 20-50 miles of the Pyrolysis facility. Appropriate (and potentially large) storage facilities need to be located in close proximity to the facility. Most importantly, however, is ensuring that a quality and sufficient supply of biomass can be obtained.
How does biomass pyrolysis compare to ethanol?
The production of ethanol and the resulting producer gas of biomass Pyrolysis require very different processes. Ethanol is produced through the breakdown of starches and sugars in a low oxygen environment to create alcohol fuel. The process of biomass Pyrolysis involves heating biomass in an oxygen-starved environment to create gases to be used in various applications.
What is the history of pyrolysis?
Thermal distillation, commonly known as Pyrolysis, dates back nearly three hundred years. It was commonly used throughout England, France and Germany to create liquid fuels from solid carbon-based materials such as coal. Pyrolysis was the most viable method to create liquid fuels before petroleum fuels became more readily accessible.
As the use of petroleum fuels and natural gas became more profitable, capitalism cast the Pyrolysis technology out of favour. Today, the immense consumption of petroleum fuels creates an unfavourable dependence on foreign powers. This addiction to fuel reserves has drawn attention back towards alternatives such as Pyrolysis. Despite inadequacies in environmental sustainability and financial impracticality, enormous subsidies and grants from the US government have allowed inferior gasification technologies to develop into large-scale test plants. Even with financial subsidies, these programs have been incapable of evolving their technologies beyond environmental and financial impracticality into industrial viability. Any business created around our technology is financially viable WITHOUT government subsidies.
How much does the pyrolysis system cost?
We customize solutions based on specific needs. Each system is customized for your specific waste management and energy consumption needs. Costs will vary depending on the system. The system pays for itself as biogases produced in the thermal distillation process provide a surplus that is utilized for operational energy consumption and free market sales. Other operational costs are nominal and will vary depending on each system solution.